The Gurukul International School's environment is dedicated to nurturing a child's inherent curiosity and providing a prepared environment designed to stimulate the child's senses as well as to respond to the pre-school child's need for order within the world. The children work with didactic apparatus and build their personality as they increase their concentration skills, independence, will, imagination, problem-solving skills and develop good work habits.
The practical life area of the curriculum is the bridge for young children between home and school. Practical life activities allow the young child to perform adult activities. The aims of the practical life materials are independence, a sense of order, concentration and coordination. Practical life lessons include care of the person (buttoning, zipping, tying); care of the environment (cleaning, polishing, food preparation); small and gross motor development (pouring, cutting, balancing); and social development (interpersonal skills, grace, and courtesy, speaking, participating in a group).
Dr. Maria Montessori identified the period from 2-6 years as the age of the "absorbent mind". Children come to know and understand the world they live in through their five senses. The Montessori sensorial materials, such as the pink tower, geometric solids, sound cylinders and color tablets help a child to understand and internalize the concepts of size, shape, color, taste, touch, and sound. These materials build the foundation for developing skills in the areas of music, mathematics, and language.
The Language curriculum progresses from oral language activities and pre-reading work to writing and ultimately to reading comprehension. The aims of the oral language activities include the development of listening skills, comprehension and vocabulary as well as the ability to express oneself with confidence. The materials for written language introduce the child to the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. The child then goes on to compose words and sentences using the moveable alphabet. All aspects of language development are occurring simultaneously and it is the teacher's role to observe readiness for each new lesson.
The hands-on math materials enable the naturally mathematical mind of the preschool child to journey from the concrete to the abstract through manipulation and experimentation. Children first explore the concept of quantity or "how many". The Montessori materials build on each other in a natural progression, encouraging the child to explore and discover. From there the child moves on to using symbols or written quantities and then begins to combine quantities for the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
Geography, botany, and Zoology make up the cultural component of the preschool program. The geography curriculum introduces the concepts of land and water forms, the study of cultures and customs, and the understanding of fundamental human needs through the exploration of the seven continents.
Dr. Montessori suggested that the first thing to be looked at is the "child" and his reaction to the early environment itself, then at the environment itself, both natural and man-made, before planning a series of activities which will help the child acquire basic knowledge about his environment. Special activities are designed within the Montessori principles where the child understands his surroundings, living and non-living things and his interaction with the same.
The art program complements the Montessori philosophy encouraging children to express themselves through various materials. Art technique is introduced to the students through means of exploration and discovery, building a foundation for artistic expression and aesthetic awareness. Special art appreciation classes throughout the year expand the children's knowledge aesthetics. Free expression modules provide children with a natural way to communicate thoughts, feelings, and ideas as well as a way to develop an understanding and appreciation of the artistic process.
The music curriculum invites children to express and invent themselves through dance movement and song. Students are introduced to the basic concepts of music through activities that help explain pitch, rhythm, and the dynamics of the sound. Musical appreciation is developed with exposure to classical music, the symphony of famous composers promoting both creative musical thinking and cultural awareness. Movement activities allow the children to explore the physical attributes of their bodies and experiment with a wide variety of physical abilities. Movement lessons within strive to enhance each child's physical growth and development. Children work to develop useful practical skills such as eye-hand coordination, eye-foot coordination, balance, strength, and agility.
Stretching exercises, running activities, Ball Handling Tapping, Trapping, Tackling, Dribbling, passing are all skills practiced by children to increase stamina, aim and coordination and prepare for more challenging sport in a non-competitive and healthy way.Basic yoga-asanas are introduced to increase memory, ability to focus and build greater self-awareness.
Exploring your city- is enjoyed by the children each semester as they visit places of Interest in the capital. Group management and social skills accompanied with confidence and self-esteem are promoted with this exercise.